Thursday, August 27, 2020

Social Inequality in the Modern Era free essay sample

Social Inequality in the Early Modern Era Throughout history, there has been an extraordinary victimization various gatherings of individuals. Ladies have been slighted in view of what their religion’s sacred book says. The Pope had the authority over state, not the ruler. The shade of your skin has even decided your position in the public arena. Despite the fact that this was more in the early present day period, it despite everything happens today. Individuals have needed to work their approach to pick up rights. Instances of social imbalance in the advanced time are the partition of chapel and state, privileges of ladies, and the social development of race. As per the Bible, the lady was made primarily as a mate for man, not the opposite way around. Ladies are unequipped for deciding, in this way they are substandard compared to men. This is the equivalent for Islam in light of the fact that in the Koran it says, â€Å"The men are made answerable for the ladies, since God blessed them with specific uniformities, and made them the bread earners†. We will compose a custom article test on Social Inequality in the Modern Era or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Likewise in Islam, the job of the ladies is to deal with the family unit, deal with the costs, show their youngsters, and help with the agribusiness. What's more, ladies are relied upon 100% to do as such of these things. Since the reason for religion is to bring request and individuals something to put stock in, this is what is normal in the public eye. In the Great Chain of Being, the family is separated into positions. The dad is at the highest points of the family, the mother being the second. Indeed, even in the Enlightenment this thought is gone through Jean-Jacques Rousseau that a women’s instruction is optional to men. In the early present day period, the congregation was plainly over the ruler. Prior to the Protestant renewal, everyone got their thoughts from the Pope. Since the vast majority couldn't peruse, the Pope was essentially running the nation, with the ruler having little force. Martin Luther contended that â€Å"each man can be his own Priest† and that everyone is in actuality equivalent with one another. The Pope should no longer have authority over anyone since what he is doing isn't right. The Catholic Church despite everything attempted to help their contention by saying the Church’s translation of the Bible is conclusive, however some despite everything changed over to Lutheranism. Some rulers attempted to retain the intensity of the congregation. Sovereign Elizabeth abrogated the Catholic Church, and made the Anglican Church giving her more force and nullifying the Pope. In the social development of race, whites are above everyone. The main motivation behind why they are the predominant race is on the grounds that they have made the social development of race. This goes back to when the Europeans initially found the new world occupied by Native Americans. They thought the Native Americans as regular conceived slaves. Juan Gines de Sepulveda contended that Native Americans are â€Å"slaves naturally, graceless, brute, and inhuman†. Aristotle even idea that indigenous individuals were not human. At the point when the Native American populace subsided, Europeans began to segregate blacks. In the fatherly request, whites were at the top, the house hirelings were in the center, and the field slaves were on the base. This depended on skin shading in light of the fact that most probable the house workers were biracial. It was seen that this request was â€Å"ordained by god† and this was for the slaves own wellbeing since they resemble youngsters. The slave driver resembled the dad, to accommodate the slaves while the slaves work for him. Whites regularly thought the slaves as dumb, in light of the fact that they were not raised a similar route as them. All in all, the starting points of social imbalance originated from the earliest starting point of time: when the Europeans previously arrived in the New World attempting to find new land. Rather they discovered Native Americans and totally passed judgment on them by their looks. During when the Catholic Church was over the state and the ruler had no force. Indeed, even with the privileges of ladies, social imbalance was there. These were factors for the imbalance of the cutting edge time.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How has Portugal been affected by globalization

How has Portugal been influenced by globalization Monetary globalization is definitely not an ongoing wonder, it is the persistent advancement of improvements that have been in train for a lot of time. One may characterize financial globalization as the procedure by which markets and creation in various nations are getting progressively related because of the elements of exchange merchandise and enterprises and streams of capital and innovation European Commission (1997) refered to in Sloman (2006). At the end of the day, it includes the utilization of the elements of creation on a world scale. The point this article is to talk about the effect of globalization in the economy of Portugal. Right off the bat, this paper will look at the connection between the globalization idea and the Portuguese joining in the European Union, clarify in what frames its has been advantageous and depict the activity creation in the administration segment achieved the improvement of new data, creation advances and the extension of the travel industry. B esides, it will talk about the distinctive negative repercussions of globalization in the different segments of monetary movement, examine the financial results of the migration of multinationals, think about certain outside interests in Portugal and uncover certain potential inconveniences of having a solitary money. The European Union as Cardoso and Ferreira (2000) affirms is as of now the best case of territorial financial coordination which mirrors the current Era of globalization. Portugal as an individual from it since 1986 and as result of the European combination process has been encountering significant political, social and for the most part financial changes. As indicated by the previously mentioned creator, the different Portuguese territories of financial movement have been significantly affected by the European guidelines and approaches. With the making of a typical European market and a solitary money, a few requirements that constrained in some degree the proficiency of business associations and the full work of their assets have been stifled, the Portuguese organizations picked up the chance to investigate economies of scale and to have some expertise in certain great and administrations through similar favorable position, improved their situation to haggle universally, disposed o f the conversion standard vulnerability, decreased swelling rates and upgraded rivalry which invigorates more prominent monetary productivity. Additionally, Cardoso and Ferreira (2000) further avows that the increases of more noteworthy financial joining and relationship between nations because of the globalization of the economy through the European Union likewise include reserve funds in remote trades and transport costs. Moreover, as per Lima et al. (2006), the previously mentioned local monetary reconciliation with its particular mechanical improvement of media communications and transport likewise allowed for instance the authoritative and innovative rebuild of the financial segment and animated work in the administration division, principally in the travel industry area. Thinking about the instance of the travel industry, as Cardoso and Ferreira (2000) clarifies, this segment in Portugal expect noteworthy social, social and especially monetary significance in making employment s, expanding salary per occupant, in the advancement of gifted work, financial enhancement and foundations has been significantly emphatically influenced alongside various different regions of financial movement by the globalization and the European guidelines and strategies. As of now the complete commitment of Travel and Tourism to the Portuguese Gross Domestic Product, including its more extensive financial effects, is estimate to ascend by 2.4% from à ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬25.7bn (14.7% of GDP) in 2011 to à ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬32.6bn (16.2%) by 2021 (World Travel and Tourism Council, 2011) and one may reason that the previously mentioned monetary realities are because of the current globalization that caused the travel industry to develop for the most part with the combination of societies, transports unrest and deregulation approaches as Wahab and Cooper (2001) affirm. Furthermore, Lima et al. (2006) authenticates the previously mentioned contentions by calling attention to the way that occupa tions in the lodging and café segment expanded by 9.4% somewhere in the range of 1998 and 2004 and it additionally attests that there has been significant interests in transport and broadcast communications, 30,000 employments were made somewhere in the range of 1998 and 2004 in this division and it spoke to in 2006 7.4% of the administration occupations. Besides, as a positive effect of the globalization in the countrys economy, Portugal since its coordination in the European Union has consistently profited by different basic assets and projects to support financial development, higher intensity and to help lessen incongruities among locales. For instance, one may consider the Portuguese archipelago island of Madeira which as per Beirman (2003) has been allotted since 1986 auxiliary assets to create and modernize the area that made conceivable the development of various frameworks as streets, spans, schools, air terminals, ports and wellbeing centers. Then again, globalization likewise influenced contrarily the economy of Portugal in different viewpoints. As indicated by Lima et al. (2006), the progression of the worldwide financial markets supported the migration of national and outside enterprises from Portugal to different nations with progressively gainful creation costs, which at last brought about expanding joblessness in certain monetary segments, especially in the vehicle, footwear and material parts. As Lima et al. (2006) clarifies, the impacts of the previously mentioned viewpoints are extensively extraordinary in the different financial exercises. On account of industry, as indicated by Lima et al. (2006), the quantity of employments has been eliminated fundamentally by 105,000 positions between the year 2000 and 2006. Conversely, over a similar period, roughly 417,000 new openings were made in the administration division. In any case, the previously mentioned creator further notes that shaky work circumstances are prog ressively normal in the administration area. On one hand, from the investigation of the previously mentioned contentions one may see that globalization in Portugal makes in certain circumstances new openings and chances to extend organizations, yet on the other, incites noteworthy qualified and unfit joblessness. As indicated by the European Commission refered to in Lima et al. (2006), the slow European monetary development joined with the quickening of the advancement of World Trade brought about lost 860,000 materials and garments occupations in EU somewhere in the range of 1998 and 2010; segments that are significantly significant for the Portuguese economy. The footwear and material businesses are the wellspring of a lot of employments in Portugal and they have been seriously influenced by the migration of undertakings to nations that offer less administrations, less severe work measures, money related advantages and less expensive elements of creation. As indicated by the Portu guese national measurements organization refered to in Lima et al. (2006), Portugal lost 90.000 occupations somewhere in the range of 1998 and 2004, lessening its modern work from 23.5% in 1998 to 19.4% in 2004. Likewise, at the previously mentioned period, as Lima et al. (2006) attests, Chinese business visionaries have been putting resources into the material and dress part, a wonder that has recently happened in Italy where the Chinese business the executives technique, in view of creation at significant low edge of benefit and high volumes of deals has raised a few issues with respect to uncalled for rivalry. Albeit one may at first guess that the previously mentioned outside speculation is useful to the economy of the nation, truly it might be maybe impressively biased in a few perspectives since neighborhood little and medium size businesses have trouble in rivaling the Chinese creation costs. Concerning businesses, especially the vehicle business, as indicated by Lima et al. (2006), has likewise been influenced since 1990 by modern migration for the most part the previously mentioned reasons; There was a 9% drop in occupations in this area somewhere in the range of 1998 and 2004 (on the same page). As the previously mentioned creator further notes, the end of the Opel plant in Azambuja in 2006 remaining 1.200 individuals without an occupation and Renault shut its Setubal industrial facility and put resources into different new production lines in Brazil and Slovenia. Therefore, joblessness as Lipsey and Chrystal (2007) call attention to, includes various small scale and macroeconomic issues that harm the economy of Portugal, including the loss of the people pay, a decrease in their expectations for everyday comforts, social hardship, adverse multiplier impacts, lost potential national yield, a misuse of assets (work) and financial expenses since the legislature loses charge incomes and has the need of spending more on government assistance installments for jobless relatives. Additionally, as Sloman (2006) clarify, because of the current worldwide and territorial association Portugal is influenced by the monetary strength of different nations and by their legislatures strategies, issues in any region of the world can fundamentally influence Portugal through exchange and money related markets, in spite of the inevitable land separation. The current Portuguese monetary circumstance mirrors the helplessness of the nation to money related emergency. At last, the European Monetary Union that is one of the instances of todays globalization, might be biased to the Portuguese economy if Portugal has for instance higher paces of expansion and if therefore its national ventures have trouble in contending with the remainder of the European Union. With a different money Portugal could permit its cash to devalue and forestall being a discouraged area of Europe with rising joblessness. All in all it appears to be evident that the economy of Portugal has been significantly influenced by globalization. This exposition has demonstrated that it is conceivable to recognize in Portugal various positive perspectives and a lot of negative conse

Friday, August 21, 2020

Buy Book Reports Online at Affordable Prices

Buy Book Reports Online at Affordable Prices Book Reports Online Home›Book Reports OnlineWhy You Should Buy a Book Report OnlineIt is not a secret that the process of education is rather tough nowadays since students have to complete a great number of tasks within short deadlines. Being under the constant pressure, learners do not want to miss a wonderful opportunity to purchase book reports online written from scratch. Hundreds of students come to us every day in order to get professional assistance in writing different academic papers. We provide them with top quality services and help achieve the set goals!   Many students are wondering where they can buy book reports that will be of high quality and written according to the book report requirements. Students are afraid of the risks they may face when they find some book report writing service. There are many cases when students became victims of frauds when they wanted to buy book reports and placed orders at online writing companies. Some customers received a book repor t that was heavily plagiarized or was already submitted by another client. Therefore, the reasons why students feel so cautious when they buy book reports are evident. It is not a secret that you are required to read many books when taking a course. What is more, professors believe that you will analyze every single book thoroughly and comprehensively. Oftentimes, your teachers want you to write a summary of the book to prove that you have really read it from cover to cover. Students have encountered a dilemma: is it worth to risk money and buy the book report from some book report writing service?Book report writing can be so inspiring if you know how to do it right.  But if you dont? We recommend you not to wait for motivation or inspiration.  We can write an excellent book report right now. (Only Reliable Payment Systems)When you face such a situation, come to  to buy a book report online. One of our professionals will write an excellent summary that is fu ll of details. In addition, the usage of relevant quotes and citations is ensured. Our writers know how to come up with a high quality book report since they have written thousands of papers for our valued customers. To make sure that we provide first-class book reports, check our samples. Rest assured that we tell the truth! Thus, do not hesitate to order a supreme quality essay at Book Report Writing

Monday, May 25, 2020

Barnum Brown the Famous Paleontologist

Barnum Brown Born/Died 1873-1963 Nationality American Dinosaurs Named Ankylosaurus, Corythosaurus, Leptoceratops, Saurolophus About Barnum Brown Named after, but not related to, P.T. Barnum (of traveling circus fame), Barnum Brown had a flamboyant personality to match. For much of his long life, Brown was the chief fossil hunter for the American Museum of Natural History in New York, and he participated in a huge number of digs, including one that unearthed the very first Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton in southeastern Montana (Brown, unfortunately, didn’t get to name his find; that honor went to museum president Henry Osborn). Despite the large number of fossil finds to his credit, mostly in Montana and Canadas Alberta province, Brown is remembered more as an energetic, tireless, well-traveled digger than as a published paleontologist (though he did write some influential papers). His techniques seem to have matched his personality: in the early 20th century, his preferred method for finding fossils was to blow up huge tracts of land with dynamite, scour the rubble for bones, and cart the resulting finds back to base camp on horse-drawn carriages. Befitting his name, Barnum Brown had his share of eccentricities, many of them recounted in a memoir published by his wife, I Married a Dinosaur. For publicity purposes, he insisted on being photographed at his fossil digs wearing an oversized fur coat, and he claimed to work as an intelligence asset for the U.S. government during World War I and World War II and as a corporate spy for various oil companies during his trips abroad. He was referred to by his closest friends as Mr. Bones.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The War Of The Vietnam War - 2569 Words

The Vietnam War, it is one of America greatest downfall in history. The Vietnam War took up so many time that five presidents have to deal with the situation: Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon. All of the Presidents have tried their very best to prevent communism from spreading any further, especially toward South Vietnam. There was so many major and minor events that happen within the war. But there are some questions that should be asked such as, â€Å"How did the Vietnam War begin?† or â€Å"How well did the U.S. Government and the U.S. Troop handle the situation during the Vietnam War?† Right Now, all of those questions shall be answer. It start off with the United State that showed moderate interest toward Asia until 1941, the†¦show more content†¦American are getting more involve with Vietnam that it began to take shaped from the late 1945 and becoming a lot more active by the Cold War. The U.S. government’s point of view was â€Å"t hat communism must be contained† (Llewellyn). According to the â€Å"Domino Theory, com-munism would jump from one nation to others† ( Since Asia have a â€Å"poorly con-trolled borders, a weak governments and low capacity for resisting communist infiltration† (Llewellyn), they are more likely to fall under the rule of communism. The U.S. government also believe that it would spread further south of Asia, since communism had already spread from China to Korea. If all south-east Asia fell to communism, it would rule more than one-quarter of the globe. Since the U.S were trying to prevent communism, they would try to support and â€Å"backed the return of the French in Vietnam† (Llewellyn). Though, some do not like the idea of returning Vietnam to French due to their hatred toward colonialism and believing that Asian nations should be free to govern themselves. But many would rather take the revival of French colonial-ism than a communist-rule d Vietnam. So America offered support for the French in Vietnam. Until in the late 1945, there was a formal position which was about one of the neutrality, but â€Å"by early 1947 the U.S. Government was tacitly supporting France† (Llewellyn). Later that year, President Harry Truman funded French War effort.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Communication Is The Key Important Skills That A Person...

Communication is undoubtedly one of the most important skills that a person can possess. Interpersonal communication is the way we express our thoughts, feelings, and ideas to the people around us. Interpersonal communication is something you need to do well as it affects many aspects of your life. It is also a learned skill that can be improved with knowledge, self awareness and practice. In order to be a good communicator we must continually analyze our level of interpersonal communication competence, which is defined in Mccornack’s book on page 21 as consistently communicating in ways that are appropriate, effective, and ethical. Consistently means across various types of relationships and situations. The appropriateness of your communication is the degree to which you are able to adapt your communication to the expectations regarding how people should communicate (pg 21). This involves following rules or societal norms that may not be written, but you are expected to know. For example if you are at a job interview your communication would be deemed inappropriate if you started cursing in front of the interviewer. There is no written rule that you should not do this, but it is expected of you that you know that in an interview you should be trying to impress the interviewer and make a good impression and cursing in front of them will leave a bad impression. Along with appropriateness your communication must also be effective. This involves your ability to use yourShow MoreRelatedSample Resume : Soft Skills1280 Words   |  6 Pages Soft Skills Soft skills When it comes to skills for employment, the first thing an employer seeks is typically abilities, training and knowledge of specific skill sets. These are referred to as hard skills. Soft skills are often overlooked, but they also play an important role in every day operations. Soft skills are behavioral or people skills that everyone to a certain degree possesses. How one applies these skills can positivelyRead MoreTo What Extent Are Employers Looking for Communication Skills in University Graduates?1420 Words   |  6 Pagesgraduates when they leave their respect universities and to what extent are communication skills important to them. In order to completely understand the question key terms need to be explained. Communication is usually described as the exchange of information from one person to another through written or spoken words, symbols and or actions to reach a common understanding (Boddy, 2008). The term graduate relates to a person would has completed and passed a cou rse of study e.g. been awarded a degreeRead MoreDifference Between Leadership And Management1210 Words   |  5 Pagesorganisation , now leadership is simply practical effort to fulfil task . manager will intelligence ,analytical ability , hard work and important thing is manager will tolerance and goodwill, leader attaches almost mystical beliefs to what a leader is assumes that only great people are worthy of the drama of power and politics. so leader is brilliant ,because they are lonely person and they have ability to control of himself as a precondition for controlling others , and leader is really managing work thatRead MoreGood And Bad Traits For Managers1283 Words   |  6 Pagesmanagers to possess, as well as researched the similarities and differences in opinion based on age range, position, and industry. Our goal for this report is to demonstrate what traits enable managers to be most effective in all aspects. Results We received a wide range of responses from our survey. However, we found that despite the difference in age, position, and industry, there were three recurring themes: communication, open-mindedness, and organization. Nearly every person we interviewedRead MoreWhat Makes A Leader?844 Words   |  4 PagesAs a leader, sometimes we control not only our destiny but also the destiny of our followers as well. Hence, our decision-making skills should be impeccable, compared to an average person. When one thinks about it that is a lot pressure on the leader to consistently make good decision. It is even harder when one has a follower who tends to challenge one’s decision on a regular basis, like first mate, Chase and second mate, Joy on the Essex. As a leader, one should always never disregard the opinionRead MoreKey Personality Tests And Planning For Better Managerial Skills1497 Words   |  6 Pagespeople and organizations Results of key personality tests and planning for better managerial skills in future Personality and traits are of great importance to a manager. Several managerial skills can be developed or improved to suit the needs of work place. It is important that a manager develops these skills in order to perform better. At the same time, it becomes essential that an individual understands and evaluates his or her own skill set so that he can improve it to meet his needs atRead MoreBusn120 Mastery Assignment.â€Å"Communication Is Key†, This936 Words   |  4 PagesMastery Assignment â€Å"Communication is Key†, this phrase is one of the most important phrases to live by in any situation that comes your way in life. As a woman who is interested in a corporate management position after school, my communication skills need to be beyond perfect. The majority of the business world is men, but that is changing rapidly. As a woman, you must speak and present yourself confidently and strongly in order to be heard. Along with speaking well, it is important to be able to beRead MoreEssay On Facilitating Change1150 Words   |  5 PagesFacilitating change is a special talent needed, as such the director will be advised to select someone who is personable and possess the skills to turn a difficult situation into a natural and easy process. Basically, the person or person facilitating this process must possess the ability to make the person simple and less cumbersome. Skill The person selected will possess the following qualities. (1) Value people and the opinions, (2) rational in their approach to decision making, (3) excellentRead MoreLeadership Analysis : The American Organization Of Nurse Managers948 Words   |  4 PagesExecutive Leadership Analysis There are many skills, traits, and behaviors one must possess in order to be an effective leader. The American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE) has compiled a list of competencies and skills that nurse leaders should be proficient in. The five competency domains identified by AONE (2011) are â€Å"communication and relationship building, knowledge of health care environment, leadership skills, professionalism, and business skills† (p. 3). The competency domain I believeRead MoreReal Estate Interview1402 Words   |  6 Pagesknow respected person at what he does, his name is Ludyn Tijerino. Mr. Tijerino works for an agency called Approved 4 keys. I was able to get in contact with this person through a favor done from my friend. My overall assessment of this interview is that it turns out that in the real estate business there is more to it than what I had imagine. Many of the questions that I had asked seemed to be answered by the time I got there for interview. Mr. Tijerino Seems to be a real great person at what he does

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Analysis of Metroland Australia Ltd

Question: Analysis of Metroland Australia Ltd? Answer: Analysis of Metroland Australia Ltd Calculation of ratios: The following table shows the calculated ratios: (Amounts in $ in millions) Particulars 2013 2012 Short term solvency or liquidity ratios: Current assets 36,932.00 94,42,995.00 Current liabilities 2,32,737.00 120,92,740.00 Current ratio 0.1587 0.7809 Current assets - inventory 36,932.00 94,42,995.00 Current liabilities 2,32,737.00 120,92,740.00 Quick ratio 0.1587 0.7809 Efficiency ratios: Sales 2,054.00 1,11,902.00 Average debtors 67,822.00 89,28,284.00 Debtors turnover ratio 0.0303 0.0125 Cost of goods sold Average inventory Inventory turnover ratio #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Profitability ratios: Net profit (1,94,110.00) (4,30,277.00) Sales 2,054.00 1,11,902.00 Net loss -9450.34% -384.51% Net income (1,94,110.00) (4,30,277.00) Total assets 63,402.00 95,88,160.00 Return on assets -306.16% -4.49% Net income (1,94,110.00) (4,30,277.00) Shareholder's equity 13,36,957.50 55,24,555.00 Return on shareholder's equity -14.52% -7.79% Long term solvency or financing ratios: Total liabilities 2,32,737.00 120,92,740.00 Total equity (1,69,335.00) (25,04,580.00) Debt to equity ratio -137.44% -482.83% Total liabilities 2,32,737.00 120,92,740.00 Total assets 63,402.00 95,88,160.00 Debt to total assets 367.08% 126.12% Meaning of the ratios and ratio analysis: The following are the definitions of the various ratios: Liquidity ratios: Current ratio: Current ratio is the measure that tells us as to what extent the current assets are able to pay off the current liabilities of the company. It is arrived at by dividing the current assets by the current liabilities. The above ratio shows a decrease in it over the years. The main reason of the same could be increase in both the current assets and current liabilities. Efficiency ratios: Debtors turnover ratio: It is a measure through which the company estimates the number of times the company collects the balance in the accounts receivables account. It is arrived at by dividing the sales by the average of opening and closing accounts receivable. The graph above depicts the increase in the ratio and this could be due to the increase in the sales over the years. Quick ratio: Quick ratio shows the liquidity of the company. It is arrived at by subtracting inventory from the current assets and then dividing the same by the current liabilities. The graph above depicts the decrease in the ratio and this could be due to the decrease in the current assets and the current liabilities. Long term solvency or financing ratios: Debt equity ratio: It is a measure to ascertain the extent to which the equity as well as the liabilities of the company is used to finance its assets. It is derived by dividing the total liabilities by shareholders equity of the company. The graph above depicts a decrease in the ratio and the main reason could be the increase in the debt and increase in total equity. Also the same is in negative during both the years. Debt to total assets: This ratio tells us the amount of debt that has been used in order to finance the assets. The increase in the % shows that a higher amount of debt has been used for the financing of assets. Profitability: Profitability is the potential of a business to yield gain or profit. Profitability is measured by the profitability ratios like profit margin, return on assets ratio, and return on equity ratio. The graph above shows an increase in the ratio and the main reason for the same could be the decrease in the total liabilities and total assets. (ASX, 2015) Conclusion: It is not advisable to invest in the company since all the ratios have only deteriorate over the years and when an investor invests in the company, he wants a return but after calculating the ratios, it is quite improbable that the company will give out any income over the investment. References:, (2015). Annual report 2013. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Jan. 2015].